A poll published by China’s Global Times has shown that 70% of respondents think that “wolf warrior diplomacy” is right for China, while 40% believe that the Chinese government should maintain a tough stance on China-US issues.
Analysts think that this poll reflects rising nationalism in China, but does not necessarily mean that China will harden its diplomatic stance.
The annual poll by the Global Times Research Center on how Chinese people view the world was published on 2 January 2021, the 15th such poll by the research centre since 2006. Given the international attention paid to wolf-warrior diplomacy, this year’s poll gathered views on the issue for the first time.
Half of respondents feel wolf-warrior diplomacy is sufficiently tough
The poll was mainly conducted via an online survey done by invited readers from 16 cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Qingdao, Wuhan, Nanchang, Lanzhou, and Harbin. 1,945 valid completed surveys were received.
"Nationalistic conflicts over coronavirus diplomacy are on the rise, and there is obvious backlash from the people against the West, as reflected in the poll.” - Zhu Feng, Dean of the Institute of International Relations, Nanjing University
The results show that 71.2% of respondents believe that wolf warrior diplomacy is right for China. Among them, 47.9% think that China’s response is appropriate, while 23.3% feel that it is not strong enough. Another 4.5% think that the foreign ministry’s response is strong and needs to be toned down; 2.9% feel that the response is too strong and needs to be restrained.
Also, 43.2% of respondents believe that China should not give way in China-US talks, while one-third think US products and services should be boycotted. Only 13.7% are of the view that the government should make appropriate compromises to quickly ease tensions.
Dean of the Institute of International Relations at Nanjing University Zhu Feng said the poll reflects the reality in China. “Many people feel that China did a good job controlling the coronavirus and contributed to global coronavirus efforts, but the US and Australia have kept up their criticism of China over the coronavirus. Nationalistic conflicts over coronavirus diplomacy are on the rise, and there is obvious backlash from the people against the West, as reflected in the poll.”
However, Prof Zhu stressed that the poll is just a political conclusion about wolf-warrior diplomacy and should not be seen as a signal that China’s foreign policy stance will continue to harden. Citing the China-EU investment deal where talks concluded on 2 January 2021, he said developing foreign relations remains a priority for China, and the latter has made concessions in the agreement.
Wang Jiangyu, a professor at the School of Law and the director of the Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law (RCCL) at City University of Hong Kong (CityU), gave a reminder that the poll mainly represents the readers of Global Times, which represents nationalistic sentiments and is not a comprehensive reflection of the consensus in China.
The debate over wolf-warrior diplomacy arose with the Chinese foreign ministry’s strong response to questions raised by other countries following the coronavirus outbreak.
Diplomatic rhetoric and actions need to be taken separately
Some responses by Chinese officials have been tough, while others have been more measured. On 10 December 2020, foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said: “I don't see any problem in living with that ‘wolf-warrior’ title, as long as we are fighting for China's sovereignty, security and development interests, national dignity and honor, and international fairness and justice.”
On 30 November 2020, Yang Jiechi, director of the Office of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs, wrote a commentary in People’s Daily, where he emphasised creating a conducive external environment, holding to and improving an independent, autonomous, and peaceful foreign policy, as well as strengthening the unified leadership of the party and strengthening its leadership system in foreign affairs.
Even as China talks tough, it is actively making friends internationally.
According to Prof Zhu, China’s erratic and unpredictable diplomatic rhetoric shows that it is trying to seek a balance between rising peacefully and integrating more with the rest of the world, as well as standing up to external pressure while holding firm to its diplomatic position.
Notwithstanding, said Prof Wang, China’s tough rhetoric would probably continue. “But we have to take diplomatic rhetoric and actions separately.” Even as China talks tough, it is actively making friends internationally.
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